Vegetables

  • Bulb Vegetables
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      Garlic

      A bulbous herb, garlic consists of a cluster of cloves. Both the bulb and the individual cloves are covered in a paper-like skin. It is most often used as a flavoring agent and can be eaten raw or coo... more

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      Leeks

      The leek is a vegetable related to garlic, onions, and shallots. Leeks have a small bulb and layers of tightly wrapped leaves. The most tender part of the leek, and most often used, is the white part.... more

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      Onions

      Onions are comprised of many concentric layers of flesh and covered by several layers of paper-like skin. They are a staple in many kitchens and an essential ingredient in many recipes. Onions can be ... more

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      Scallions

      Scallions, or green onions, are a member of the onion family. This vegetable has a white base that has not yet developed into a bulb and long, straight, green stalks. The entire scallion is edible. Sc... more

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      Shallots

      Shallots are part of the onion family. They have a sweet and mild flavor and are less pungent than onions or garlic. They also do not cause bad breath like onions or garlic. Shallots can be eaten raw ... more

  • Cabbages
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      Bok Choy

      Bok choy has dark green leaves with crisp, white stems (ribs), both of which can be eaten. This cabbage relative has a mild peppery flavor. Small heads of bok choy are called baby bok choy; they are m... more

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      Brussels Sprouts

      Brussels sprouts grow on large stalks and ressemble miniature cabbages. They are only eaten cooked and are often boiled, steamed, braised, roasted, stir-fried, or puréed. Choose Brussels sprouts that... more

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      Green Cabbage

      Green cabbage is a member of the Brassica family and is related to kale, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. This cruciferous vegetable is large and round with crisp, tightly compacted leaves... more

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      Napa Cabbage

      Napa cabbage is a member of the Brassica family and is related to kale, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. This cruciferous vegetable is oblong shaped with loose, ruffled leaves that are gen... more

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      Red Cabbage

      Red cabbage is a member of the Brassica family and is related to kale, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. This cruciferous vegetable is large and round with crisp, tightly compacted leaves t... more

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      Savoy Cabbage

      Savoy cabbage is a member of the Brassica family and is related to kale, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. This cruciferous vegetable has tender, loose, crinkled leaves. Its color ranges fr... more

  • Inflorescent Vegetables
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      Artichokes

      The artichoke is a flower bud from the thistle family, which is edible prior to blossoming. Artichokes are vegetables. The bud contains the heart, which is the meaty core, and is topped by a fuzzy cen... more

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      Broccoli

      Broccoli is a vegetable and a member of the cabbage family. It has a thick green stalk, oblong leaves, and a flower head. The florets, or flower buds, stems, and leaves can all be eaten and provide a ... more

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      Cauliflower

      Cauliflower is classified in the same species as cabbage, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, and kohlrabi. In addition to white cauliflower, it also comes in purple, green, and y... more

  • Mushrooms
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      Mushrooms, Chanterelles

      Chanterelles refer to a family of edible wild mushrooms. Varieties include the golden, yellow foot, and white chanterelle and the black trumpet mushroom. Depending on the variety, its color ranges fro... more

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      Mushrooms, Cremini

      The cremini mushroom has a similar appearance to the common white mushroom but is brown colored and slightly more flavorful. They can be eaten raw or cooked. Large, mature cremini mushrooms are called... more

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      Mushrooms, Morels

      The morel is an edible wild mushroom with an earthy, smoky, and nutty flavor and spongy texture. It has a white stem and brown colored cap that is cone shaped with a distinctive honeycombed surface an... more

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      Mushrooms, Oysters

      Oyster mushrooms are fan-shaped with grayish-white stems and cap colors ranging from gray to brownish-gray. They are smooth in texture with a subtle seafood-like flavor reminiscent of oysters. When co... more

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      Mushrooms, Porcini

      Porcini are edible wild mushrooms that are highly prized for their woodsy flavor and smooth, meaty texture. They have large, round, brown caps and bulbous stems. They are available fresh or dried, bot... more

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      Mushrooms, Portobello

      Portobello mushrooms are large cremini mushrooms with flat, dark brown colored caps. They have a dense, chewy, meaty texture and are more flavorful than smaller, younger creminis. Portobellos can be e... more

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      Mushrooms, Shiitake

      Shiitakes are medium-sized, umbrella-shaped mushrooms with tan or brown colored caps. The edges of the cap roll inwards. They have a savory, smoky flavor and firm, meaty flesh that becomes slippery wh... more

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      Mushrooms, White

      The white mushroom has a white stem and fleshy, white cap. It has a mild flavor and can be eaten raw or cooked. When cooked, its flavor intensifies.Select mushrooms that are firm without discoloration... more

  • Root Vegetables
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      Beets

      The beet or beetroot is a root that comes in many colors, including red, yellow, and white. They can be eaten raw or cooked. It is popular to roast, boil, steam, pickle, or juice them. When cooked, th... more

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      Carrots

      Carrots are a root vegetable available in many varieties and sizes. Although the color orange is most often associated with carrots, they also come in purple, yellow, white, red, or black. Carrots can... more

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      Cassava

      Cassava is a starchy tuber with tough, brown skin and crisp, white flesh. It is often eaten much like a potato. Due to its absorbancy, it assumes the flavor of the ingredients with which it is cooked.... more

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      Celeriac

      Celeriac, or celery root, is a winter root vegetable with thick brown skin that is full of crevices and rootlets. This irregularly shaped vegetable has white colored flesh that tastes of celery and pa... more

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      Daikon

      Daikon is a large, white-fleshed winter radish with a crisp texture and a mild to sweet flavor. Its length generally ranges in size from 6 to 15 inches while its diameter is typically 2 to 3 inches. D... more

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      Jicama

      Jicama, also know as yambean, is a root vegetable with thin brown skin and a white interior. It has a crunchy texture and mild flavor. Jicama can be eaten raw or cooked. When cooked, they will absorb ... more

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      Parsnips

      Parnips are hearty, yellowish/ivory-colored root vegetables. They pair well with other root vegetables such as carrots and turnips. Select parsnips that are firm, smooth and unblemished. Small or medi... more

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      Potatoes

      The potato is a starchy root vegetable that is a staple in many parts of the world. There are more than 4,500 cultivated varieties and just under 200 wild ones. Potatoes can be baked, roasted, boiled,... more

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      Radishes

      The radish is a fuchsia and white colored root vegetable with a round, oval, or elongated shape. It has a mild to peppery flavor and a crisp texture. Radishes are generally sold trimmed or with their ... more

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      Rutabagas

      Rutabagas are a root vegetable that are often confused with turnips. Rutabagas are actually larger, longer, and rounder than turnips. They have yellow or purplish colored skin and pale yellow colored ... more

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      Sweet Potatoes

      Sweet potatoes are tuberous roots that are considered root vegetables. Despite its name, the sweet potato is not related to the potato. The thin skin of the sweet potato might be smooth or rough in te... more

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      Turnips

      The turnip is a root vegetable typically with a white or cream-colored interior. They come in numerous varieties that vary in size, shape, color (not only white and purple), and flavor. Turnips can be... more

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      Water Chestnuts

      Water chestnuts are edible tubers with a dark brown exterior and white flesh that is crisp, juicy, and slightly sweet. To eat water chesnuts, their exterior shell must be removed. Water chestnuts can ... more

  • Salad Greens
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      Arugula

      Arugula, also known as rocket, is a member of the cabbage family and related to watercress and mustard. This leaf has a sharp, peppery flavor. Young arugula is milder tasting. It is eaten raw or cooke... more

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      Belgian Endive

      Belgian endive is a vegetable that has overlapping white leaves with yellow or reddish-purple tips. It is juicy and crisp and has a slightly bitter taste. Belgian endive can be eaten raw or cooked.Sel... more

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      Butter Lettuce

      Butter, or butterhead, lettuces are small head lettuces with loosely-packed leaves that are tender, soft, smooth, and slightly sweet. Its leaves are fairly evenly colored green or reddish purple. Two ... more

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        Bibb Lettuce

        Bibb lettuce is a small head lettuce with loosely-packed leaves that are tender, soft, smooth, and flavorful. Its leaves are fairly evenly colored green. Bibb lettuce has slightly smaller leaves than ... more

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        Boston Lettuce

        Boston lettuce is a small head lettuce with loosely-packed leaves that are tender, soft, smooth, and flavorful. Its leaves are fairly evenly colored green. Boston lettuce has larger, wider leaves than... more

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      Chard

      Chard, also known as Swiss chard, is a cruciferous vegetable with large leaves ranging in color from light to dark green, which may be smooth or curly. Its thick stalks come in an assortment of differ... more

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      Curly Endive (frisée)

      Curly endive is a member of the chicory family and is related to Belgian endive, escarole, and raddichio. It has narrow, prickly, green outer leaves and inner leaves that are paler in color and less b... more

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      Dandelion Greens

      Dandelion greens refer to the jagged-edged, green leaves of the dandelion plant. They taste bitter and slightly tangy. Younger leaves are more mild in flavor. They can be eaten raw or cooked. When eat... more

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      Escarole

      Escarole is a member of the chicory family and is related to Belgian endive and raddichio. It has large, broad, sturdy, green leaves and a bitter flavor. Its inner leaves are paler in color, more ten... more

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      Greens, Collard

      Collard greens have large, broad, dark green leaves that are smooth and veined along with tough, white central ribs. This relative of kale has a strong, pronounced flavor. It can be eaten raw or cooke... more

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      Iceberg Lettuce

      Iceberg lettuce is round with densely packed leaves. It is a type of crisphead lettuce whose outer leaves are green while its inner leaves are whitish or yellowish. It is reknowned for its crisp textu... more

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      Kale

      Kale is a leafy green vegetable with large, fibrous, curly leaves that vary in color from light to dark green. Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, arugula and collard greens are members of the same family. Ka... more

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      Lettuce, Green Leaf

      Green leaf lettuce is a form of loose leaf lettuce, which has loosely-packed, long, broad, green leaves joined at a stem. It is tender and flavorful. Lettuce is most often eaten raw although it may be... more

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      Lettuce, Red Leaf

      Red leaf lettuce is a form of loose leaf lettuce, which has loosely-packed, long, broad, red leaves joined at a stem. It is tender and flavorful. Lettuce is most often eaten raw although it may be coo... more

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      Mache

      Mâche has delicate, small, green leaves that grow in clusters at soil level. Its flavor is mild. This vegetable is consumed like lettuce. Select mâche with crisp, brightly colored leaves and avoid t... more

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      Radicchio

      Radicchio is a leafy vegetable that has large, overlapping, round or elongated, red leaves with white veins. Its leaves are firm, tender, and crisp with a slightly bitter and spicy taste. Radicchio ca... more

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      Romaine Lettuce

      Romaine lettuce is oblong-shaped with long, narrow, stiff, crisp leaves all of which have a distinctive rib. Its outer leaves are dark green and taste slightly bitter while its inner leaves are paler ... more

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      Spinach

      Spinach is a nutritious dark green leafy vegetable that can be eaten raw in salads or sandwiches or cooked. It is popular world-wide and found in numerous cuisines. Select spinach with tender, deep ... more

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      Watercress

      Watercress is an aquatic plant that is a member of the mustard family. It is commonly eaten as a salad green but can also be steamed and eaten as a vegetable or added to soups or sandwiches. It has a ... more

  • Stalk Vegetables
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      Asparagus

      Asparagus is a young edible shoot that comes in green, white, or purple colors. They are also referred to as spears. Asparagus is typically eaten cooked and is often boiled, steamed, stir-fried, and p... more

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      Bamboo Shoots

      Bamboo shoots are the tender shoots of the bamboo plant, which are served as a vegetable. They are crisp with a mild flavor. Bamboo shoots can be purchased fresh, dried, canned, pickled, or salted. Fr... more

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      Celery

      Celery is a vegetable related to carrots that is grown for its stalks, or ribs. It is often eaten raw on its own or included in salads. Celery can also be cooked and eaten as a vegetable or used as a ... more

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      Fennel

      Fennel can be used as a vegetable or as an herb. Its base, or bulb, has white to light green overlapping leaves, which grow up into stalks. It also has thin, feathery foliage. The base and foliage are... more

  • Vegetable-fruit
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      Avocados

      The avocado is the edible pear-shaped fruit of the avocado tree, which is a member of the laurel family. Botanically-speaking, avocados are large berries. They come in different shapes, colors, and si... more

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      Bell Peppers, Green

      A bell pepper, also known as a sweet pepper, bullnose pepper or capsicum, is mild in flavor and never spicy. Green peppers are harvested before they are ripe. Green peppers are often cheaper than oran... more

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      Bell Peppers, Orange

      A bell pepper, also known as a sweet pepper, bullnose pepper or capsicum, is mild in flavor and never spicy. Orange peppers are often more expensive than green peppers because they are ripened on the ... more

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      Bell Peppers, Red

      A bell pepper, also known as a sweet pepper, bullnose pepper or capsicum, is mild in flavor and never spicy. A pepper is first green and then typically yellow/orange before ripening to red. Given red ... more

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      Bell Peppers, Yellow

      A bell pepper, also known as a sweet pepper, bullnose pepper or capsicum, is mild in flavor and never spicy. A yellow pepper is a ripened green pepper. Yellow peppers are often more expensive than gre... more

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      Chayote

      Chayote is a summer squash that has pale green colored skin and white flesh that contains one soft, edible seed. It looks like an oversized pear. Its texture is slightly firmer than zucchini, and its ... more

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      Cucumbers

      The cucumber is long and narrow with a dark green peel and juicy, pale green flesh dotted with edible seeds. Although it is often referred to as a vegetable, botanically speaking, it is a fruit. Its t... more

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      Eggplant

      Eggplant is member of the nightshade family along with tomatoes. Although it is often referred to as a vegetable, botanically speaking, it is a fruit. Size, color, and shape vary depending on the vari... more

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      Okra

      Okra is the green pod of a vegetable plant. Depending on the type, it may or may not have downy on its exterior. It contains rows of green or brown seeds on its interior. When the okra pod is cut, it ... more

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      Pumpkin

      The pumpkin is a large, round, orange winter squash that has a thick outer skin and orange-yellow flesh that is sweet, dry, and thick. The skin should not be eaten. Their seeds are edible and are deli... more

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      Squash, Acorn

      Acorn squash is a dark green colored winter squash with smooth, hard skin and wide vertical ridges that make it difficult to peel. This acorn shaped squash has tender, orange yellow flesh that tastes ... more

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      Squash, Butternut

      Butternut squash is a pear-shaped, lightly orange colored, smooth skinned winter squash. Its flesh is slightly sweet and vibrantly orange due to high carotene content. Select firm, dull colored butter... more

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      Squash, Spaghetti

      Spaghetti squash is oval shaped with pale yellow skin and bright yellow flesh. Unlike other squash, when cooked, its flesh separates into spaghetti-like strands. The larger the squash, the thicker the... more

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      Tomatillos

      Tomatillos are actually berries. They are a member of the nightshade family, which means it is related to the tomato, eggplant, pepper, and potato. Tomatillos are usually harvested when the color gree... more

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      Tomatoes

      Tomatoes are the fruit of the tomato plant, which is a member of the nightshade family. They are considered a fruit because they have seeds and grow from a flowering plant. There are thousands of vari... more

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      Yellow Squash

      Yellow squash generally refers to yellow straightneck and yellow crookneck squashes. These summer squashes have tender, yellow skin, which may be smooth or bumpy, and watery, yellow flesh that tastes ... more

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      Zucchini

      Zucchini is a summer squash with tender, smooth, green or yellow skin and watery flesh. Some say its flesh tastes bland or mildly sweet. Zucchini's stem end is slightly narrower than its base. Its ski... more